What is a colon?
A colon is two dots on top of each other, like this :
How does one properly use it?
A colon is used to introduce a statement that gives an explanation, a list of items, or a definition.
- Example: The Girl Scouts asked for the following items: knapsacks, rope, and sunblock.
In this example, the colon is used before the list of items the Girl Scouts will need before their trip.
Here are a few more examples.
- Tired: exhausted, by exertion.
In this example, the colon is used before the definition of the word tired.
- The coffee shop played various genres of music: rock, metal, hip-hop, and jazz.
This example shows a colon being used before the list of musical genres.
- I knew who would win the marathon: Lisa.
Here a colon is used to set up who will win the marathon.